The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a body created by  the Constitution of India to select applicants for civil service jobs in the Indian state of Bihar according to the merits of the applicants.

To crack BPSC Prelims, the candidates need to have a sound idea of the exam pattern and syllabus of BPSC. If the candidates know the exam pattern and the syllabus of the exam, then they can direct their preparation in the best way. Here, in this article, we have compiled all the necessary information that will help the aspirants prepare better for their exam appearances.

BPSC Exam Pattern Tips and Strategy

The BPSC will hold a three-tier exam for the final selection of the candidates for the various posts. The candidates need to clear all the stages of the BPSC exam to appear successfully in the merit list. There will be a written exam consisting  of Prelims and Main Exam followed by an Interview. The BPSC Prelims Exam is qualifying in nature. Candidates who clear the BPSC Prelims Exam will be called for the main exam. The Main Exam comprises 900 marks. If a candidate qualifies the BPSC Main Exam then he is called for the Interview that is of 120 marks. So, the merit is prepared out of 1020 marks.

The BPSC Prelims Exam will be of 150 marks and qualifying in nature i.e. the scores will not be considered in the preparation of the final merit. It will be for two hours. The change that is seen in the last year’s examination is that there were 5 options to each question which earlier used to be 4. Candidates need to be careful in choosing the suitable option. The candidates are advised to score enough to stay in the competition as the cut-off keeps on varying every year.

  • The questions will be in Hindi and English language both.
  • This stage is qualifying in nature.
  • There is no negative marking.
  • There will be 5 options for each question.

The syllabus for the BPSC Prelims Exam is the same as that of the previous exams of the BPSC. It covers the aspects of General Science, Polity, Economy, History and the National Movement. The candidates have to go through the syllabus and prepare themselves well because the exam will have the questions of a good standard.The candidates are called for the BPSC main exam only if they qualify in the BPSC Prelims Exam and secure the required cut-off marks as decided by the Commission. Since the BPSC Prelims Exam is qualifying in nature, it does not matter what one scores. The pattern of the BPSC Main Exam has been changed too. Now, the BPSC Main Exam will have a qualifying paper General Hindi. Apart from this, there will be General Studies Paper 1 and General Studies Paper 2 carrying 300 marks each. There will be an Optional Paper that the candidate has chosen earlier while filling the Application Form. The Optional Paper carries 300 marks. The list of the 34 Optional Subjects has been given in this article.

  • Candidates have to qualify in General Hindi.
  • Questions of General Studies are available in Hindi and English both.
  • The score will be arrived at by considering the total of 900 marks in GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2 and Optional Paper.

The candidates who are placed suitably in the merit are called for the interview.

The paper of General Hindi will be qualifying in nature. The syllabus for the qualifying paper is of the level as that of Bihar School Education Board (BSEB). The paper will be of 100 marks and subjective in nature, and the distribution of the marks is as follows:

  • Essay: 30 Marks
  • Grammar: 30 Marks
  • Syntax: 25 Marks
  • Summarisation: 15 Marks

Out of the 100 marks, candidates are required to secure the qualifying marks in the paper. For this qualifying paper, a good book of school standards is enough.

General Studies Paper

Until now, every paper that the candidates have appeared in is of qualifying nature. The BPSC Prelims Exam and the General Hindi paper are just qualifying in nature. It does not matter how well the candidates have fared in these exams. The actual BPSC exam starts now with the General Studies Papers and the Optional Paper. There are two Papers for the General Studies and one for the Optional. Each Paper carries 300 marks making the total marks from all these papers to be 900.


The candidates who qualify the BPSC Main Exam are called for the final stage of the exam i.e. Interview. The interview carries 120 marks. The final merit list will be prepared out of 1020 marks (900 for Mains + 120 for Interview). Interview judges the personality aspect of the candidates. The members of the Interview Board want to know the administrative aptitude and decision-making ability of the candidates through the interview. After the interviews, comes the final BPSC result.

Haryana PCS

The State of Haryana came into existence under the provisions of Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966 (No. 31 of 1966), with effect from 1st November, 1966, when the Haryana Public Service Commission also came into existence. HPSC HCS exam is the most important and the prestigious exam of Haryana. Haryana Public Service Commission (HPSC) conducts the Haryana Civil Services (HCS) exam every year to recruit the candidates for the HCS.

HPSC HCS Exam Pattern – Prelims Exam(100 Marks)

The HPSC HCS exam is a three-stage exam and the exam pattern for each stage is different. The HCS prelims exam is the first stage of the HCS exam. The HCS Prelims exam serves as the screening exam only and the marks secured in the HCS prelims exam are not considered in the final merit. As per the new rules, the HCS Prelims result will be based on the marks secured in General Studies Paper only and the CSAT paper will be of qualifying in nature. The candidates need to score 33% marks in the CSAT paper.

There is a provision of negative marking in the HCS prelims exam. For each wrong answer, 0.25 marks will be deducted from the candidate’s marks. We can say that the four wrong answers will neutralise one right answer.

HPSC HCS Prelims Exam

Number of Questions


General Studies



Civil Services Aptitude Test(CSAT)(Qualifying only)



Total Marks


HPSC HCS Exam Pattern – Main Exam (600 Marks)

HCS main exam is the crucial stage of the whole exam process. The marks secured in the HCS main exam are taken into account for the HCS result. The total number of candidates admitted in the HCS main exam will be 12 times the number of vacancies to be filled. Each paper will be of three hours duration. The candidates need to opt for two optional subjects from a list of 23 optional subjects. The HPSC main exam is a descriptive type exam comprising five conventional essay type question papers.

Paper No.

HPSC HCS Main Exam


Paper I

English(including Essay)


Paper II

Hindi(Including Essay)


Paper III

General Studies


Paper IV

Optional Subject 1


Paper V

Optional Subject 2


Total Marks


HPSC HCS Exam Pattern – Personality Test (75 Marks)

The candidates who score marks equal to or greater than the HCS cut off marks will be called for the personality test at the HPSC office premises. No candidate will be called for the HCS interview unless the candidate attains 45% marks in the aggregate of all the main written question papers and 33% marks in the Hindi and English question papers. The number of candidates called for the HCS personality test will be three times the number of vacancies advertised

HPSC Exam Stage

Number of Papers


HCS Prelims Exam


100 (Screening Only)

HCS Main Written Exam



HCS Personality Test


                  Total Marks



It is conducted every year by MPSC to recruit officers into the different wings of the state administration departments under the Maharashtra State Government. The exams are conducted and overseen by the Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC).


Like the UPSC, the MPSC state services exam is also conducted in three stages:

  1. Prelims
  2. Mains
  3. Interview

A candidate has to clear one stage in order to be eligible for the subsequent stage, i.e, if he/she clears the prelims, he/she moves onto the mains, clearing which he/she would be summoned for the final stage (interview) of the MPSC exam.

MPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

This stage exam consists of two compulsory objective papers. Both papers are 2 hours each.

MPSC Prelims Exam Pattern Table

Paper No. No. of Questions Total Marks Standard Medium Duration Nature of Paper
Paper I 100 200 Degree English & Marathi 2 hours Objective
Paper II 80 200 Mix of Degree and School (depends on topic – refer below) English & Marathi 2 hours Objective

Important Points:

  1. Marks of both papers will be considered for qualifying candidates for the mains exam.
  2. Both Paper I and Paper II have negative markings for all the incorrect answers.
  3. There will be no negative marking for unattended questions.
  4. There is a negative marking of 1/3 of the marks allocated to the question.
  5. The questions on decision making in Paper-II do not attract negative marks if incorrectly answered.
  6. MPSC Prelims is screening in nature.
  7. Candidates need to score minimum marks as decided by the commission to qualify for the mains exam.
  8. All the questions are set in English and Marathi except for those questions which are meant to test the candidate’s knowledge of English.

MPSC Mains Exam Pattern

After qualifying the MPSC Prelims candidates have to appear for the MPSC Mains exam

MPSC Mains Exam Pattern: In MPSC Mains there are six compulsory papers. Paper I and Paper II are language papers while Papers III, IV, V and VI are general studies papers. There are no optional subjects in MPSC Mains, which was done away with in 2012. Candidates can check the MPSC Mains Exam Pattern in the table below.

MPSC Mains Exam Pattern

Paper Subject Total Marks Standard Medium Duration Nature of Questions
1 Marathi & English (Essay/Translation/Precis) 100 XII Std. Marathi & English 3 hours Descriptive
2 Marathi & English (Grammar/Comprehension) 100 XII Std. Marathi & English 1 hour MCQs
3 General Studies I 150 Degree Marathi & English 2 hours MCQs
4 General Studies II 150 Degree Marathi & English 2 hours MCQs
5 General Studies III 150 Degree Marathi & English 2 hours MCQs
6 General Studies IV 150 Degree Marathi & English 2 hours MCQs

Important Points: 

  1. There is negative marking in the objective question papers.
  2. Candidates need to attempt all the papers to qualify for the Interview round.
  3. This round is both scoring and qualifying in nature.

Stage 3: Interview

Candidates who clear the mains exam are summoned for the MPSC interview. In this round, a panel of the MPSC board assesses the candidate for his/her suitability for the administrative career through a personal discussion. This is more like a personality test where apart from knowledge, the candidate’s attributes such as aptitude, presence of mind, communication skills, etc. are evaluated.

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